Why are police using BWV?
Research identified from local and international trials suggest that BWV has great merit in the field of law enforcement. The ability to record events electronically as they occur has a range of benefits, specifically relating to the gathering of evidence. Police agencies using BWV have noted positive results and benefits, including:
- Lower incidence and escalation of violence
- Reduced 'not guilty' pleas and increased cooperation from the public
- Improved officer conduct, professionalism and reduced complaints
- Improved offender behaviour
- Increased time on patrol and reduced officer time spent on paperwork
- Video content for use in training and to support improved police education
- Reduced officer injuries
- Improved collection of evidence
- Enhanced brief of evidence preparation, including statements
Has the NSW Police Force trialled BWV?
Yes. In 2013, following reports of successful overseas trials, the NSW Police Force conducted an extensive trial of BWV camera technology. The trial was undertaken at Brisbane Water Local Area Command, South West Metropolitan Region Enforcement Squad, the Police Transport Command and the Public Order and Riot Squad. The trial was extended into 2014 using additional Local Area Command sites.
In May 2014 the NSW Government announced a $4 million dollar contribution to be provided to the NSWPF over two financial years to aid implementation of BWV technology into operational policing.
Which officers will be using BWV?
The BWV Phase 1 Project deployed BWV cameras and the BWV system to the following LAC/Locations in October / November 2016:
- Botany Bay Police Area Command
- Kings Cross Police Area Command
- Eastern Beaches Police Area Command
- Mid North Coast Police District
- Richmond Police District
- Police Transport Command
- Public Order and Riot Squad
- Strike Force Raptor
The Body Worn Video Phase 2 project will deploy to 490 sites between May 2018 and 30 November 2018.
How does the BWV camera work?
BWV records wide view vision and high-quality audio of officer interactions with the public in all environments in which they operate. The cameras will constantly view the environment but will require the officer to initiate recording to capture the footage in the memory. All recorded images are the property of the NSW Police Force and must be downloaded to the secure computer-based BWV management system at the completion of each shift.
When will officers be using BWV? Will it always be on?
BMV will only record when the officer has initiated it by pushing the record button.
The use of BWV will be at the officer’s discretion and will generally be incident specific. However it is expected the BWV device would be activated:
- When police would normally use their official police notebook to record information (this does not replace the need to use a police notebook in such situations)
- To capture evidence or record something of relevance
- When exercising a police power
- Performing a policing function
- As part of first response crime and incident investigation
- General patrolling of Licensed Premises, public transport and other public areas
- Whilst conducting vehicle stops
- During conversation with members of the public which may relate to an incident, is relevant to an investigation, or is possibly valuable police or crime related information
- In situations where the use of force is anticipated
What will recordings be used for?
Body-Worn Video recordings are classified as ‘protected information’ under Section 39 of the Surveillance Devices Act and must be securely stored and managed. Recordings can only be used if permitted under Part 5 of the Act. BWV content can, for example, be used in connection with the exercise of a law enforcement function, to investigate and prosecute a criminal offence, to investigate disciplinary matters and for education and training purposes by the NSW Police Force.
The Surveillance Devices Act 2007 also prohibits the unlawful use, communication or publication of protected information. Section 40 of the Act creates offences for the unauthorised release of information by a person in the following circumstances:
- Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly uses, communicates or publishes any protected information
- Intends to endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of an investigation into a relevant offence
Penalties for such offences range from two (2) to seven (7) years imprisonment.